Download Sketchup 3d Model of the Temple

Download Full Sketchup 3d Software

Download Sketchup 3d Viewer ONLY


The Architecture of the Temples

Written By J. E. Becker

(Drawings to scale by Adam C. Becker)



The title of this section must be plural because as I hope to show, both Solomon and Eze­kiel’s temples have the same overall architectural design. To illustrate this I will show both refer­ences pertaining to each feature together so that the reader can see the correlation.

First, we must understand that these features are shown as if one approached the house from the outside and enters between the pillars. Second we must understand that the dimensions given are of the interior spaces. Therefore the dimensions do not include the thicknesses of the walls. However, Ezekiel does give 100 cubits as the overall length of the building when he measures off three of the 100 cubits sections (out of the five hundred cubits that stretch across one side of the foursquare measure of the courts) going toward the west (Ezekiel 41:13, 14).

Each temple seems to elaborate on different details. F0r instance, in Solomon’s temple the writer of the book of 1 Kings expands upon the outer adornment with a full description of the bronze pillars in front and the details of the interior of the Holy of Holies. On the other hand, Ezekiel majors on the construction details.

Solomon’s temple:


“And the house which King Solomon built for the LORD, the length thereof was threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits. 1 Kings 6:2 [Proceeding to the most holy place] And the oracle he prepared in the house within, to set there the ark of the covenant of the LORD. and the oracle in the forepart was twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof ; . . .”

 1 Kings 6:19, 20 a.

Final floor plan for real.jpg


 Ezekiel’s Temple Floor Plan

Showing Porch 1 cubit Deeper

Than Solomon’s Temple




“. . . and he measured the length thereof, forty cubits: and the breadth, twenty cubits. [Proceeding to the most holy place] . . . So he measured the length thereof, twenty cubits; and the breadth, twenty cubits, before the temple: and he said unto me, This is the most holy place,”

Ezekiel 41:2, 4.


Notice these interior dimensions are the same as Solomon’s except the heights are not mentioned. This is curious because the heights of the gates and walls of the rest of Ezekiel’s complex are specifically given. The only reason I can think for this is that Solomon had a plan given him from his father David (1 Chronicles 28:11), complete with all the dimensions; while Ezekiel’s temple was intended to be rebuild after the same general plan as Solomon’s temple, but the original plans could have been destroyed along with the temple. It was given to Ezekiel to replace the original. David had been given the plans of God’s eternal dwelling place. But God warned Solomon that he would only dwell in their midst in this temple as long as both he and the people obeyed His commandments (1 Kings 6:12, 13). They didn’t and He eventually destroyed it

All the Bible says about the temple Ezra built is that it did not measure up to the glory of Solomon’s in the eyes of those who had seen the original. When the foundations were laid, they wept (Ezra 3:12). The foundations were obviously not as grand either in size or configuration, therefore neither would the finished building be as grand. Haggai, the prophet encouraged the people by stating God’s future plans to fulfill his Word.

Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and to the residue of the people, saying,

Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? and how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing?

Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, saith the LORD; and be strong, O Joshua, son of Josedech, the high priest; and be strong, all ye people of the land, saith the LORD, and work: for I am with you, saith the LORD of hosts: According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not.

For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;

And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts.

The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts.

Haggai 2:3-9 AV


 Josephus says the Solomon’s temple was laid upon foundations of “great stones” that were buried deep in the earth in order to support the super structure that was to be built upon it. It was also said that the foundation was meant “to become one with the earth.”[1] By that I take it to mean that the entire area under the building was undergirded by the stones instead of just under the main supporting walls and posts as is usually the case. Later we will see that three great stones undergird Ezekiel’s temple. Ezra’s temple and its revision by Herod were not in the same pattern as Solomon’s. We conclude, then, that when Jesus builds Ezekiel’s temple the height of the holy place and the most holy place will be thirty and twenty cubits high in both, the same as Solomon’s. Also we believe that other details will show this to be true. The porch, however, may have a greater height.

Now let us begin by comparing the porch of each temple. This is where the main difference exists.

Solomon’s temple:

“And the porch before the temple of the house, twenty cubits was the length thereof, according to the breadth of the house; and ten cubits was the breadth thereof before the house”

(1 Kings 6:3) Emphasis to show the difference in both passages.

The writer names peripheral measurements without detail.

Now Ezekiel’s temple:

“And he brought me to the porch of the house, and measured each post of the porch, five cubits on this side, and five cubits on that side: and the breadth of the gate was three cubits on this side, and three cubits on that side.   The length of the porch was twenty cubits, and the breadth eleven cubits; and he brought me by the steps whereby they went up to it: and there were pillars by the posts, one on this side, and another on that side. Afterward he brought me to the temple, and measured the posts, six cubits broad on the one side, and six cubits broad on the other side, which was the breadth of the tabernacle. [Meaning that the post’s width reached the full width, flush with the outside wall.] And the breadth of the door was ten cubits; and the sides of the door were five cubits on the one side, and five cubits on the other side:[then entering the holy place] and he measured the length thereof, forty cubits: . . .”

(Ezekiel 40:48-41:2).



Again Ezekiel names each dimension needed for building except the height, which can be determined by comparing it to Solomon’s temple except for the porch. Also noted the huge stone posts 0f the temple have to extend all the way out to be even with the outside wall in order to make the measurements fit with the breadth of the porch (See floor plan). Later we will discuss the absolute importance of these enormous stone posts, both to the structure and to the spiritual significance.)

The depth for Solomon’s porch equals ten cubits, while Ezekiel’s is eleven. However, Ezekiel gives an addition detail in the last verse of Ezekiel 41 concerning the porch beyond what is given in Ezekiel 40:48, 49.

“And there were narrow windows and palm trees on the one side and on the other side, on the sides of the porch . . .”

 Ezekiel 41:26.AV

Except for this addition the only light admitted to the porch would have been from the entrance at the steps.

Now, let’s look at the gate to the porch:New Entrance Judy.jpg

Taken from our scale model drawing of Ezekiel’s entrance to the porch, we can see

the detail leading up to the porch. (When we drew the plans, we saw that we could create the gate by inserting a three cubits landing in the middle of the steps where the bases to the 3.2 cubit diameter pillar that adjoins the porch post.) Another detail shown here is the six by six house post stands next to the door post in the background.

As to the front of the porch, only Solomon’s temple shows that. First he mentions the foundations of his own house as having costly stones, then he skips to showing the walls of the great court and the inner court around the temple as having three great stones high, topped with cedar beams (1 Kings 7:9-12). Finally, he equates them to the foundations of the porch, which we assume would be the same for the house and therefore the same height of the steps leading to the porch.

 Alfred Edersheim in his book The Temple- It’s Ministry and Services, says there were twelve steps up to Herod’s temple because of the great foundations being huge stones of 67½ feet long by 9 feet wide. [2]

As to the foundation stones of Ezekiel’s temple we have no measurement Temple Front.jpggiven. If the three great stones in the foundation of the porch are topped with cedar on the porch, it would probably refer to the floor. Solomon’s judgment porch was floored with cedar (I Kings 7:7), why not the temple porch?

As to the pillars before the porch, the writer in Kings describes them completely, but they are still hard to see. [This description is not drawn in our drawings, due to lack of skill in the drawing program for such intricate details. Here only the outline of the lilly/tulip shaped chapiters of the pillars is shown.

This view of our drawing shows the shape of our pillars drawn to scale, without any adornment. In fact, our whole drawing is an unfinished picture, showing cut-a-ways, so that the construction details may be seen. (Our only concern was the architecture necessary for the building of it.)

Therefore, the white space beyond the porch represents the missing temple floor so that when you pull up the“Google SketchUp” program on your own search engine with the link to the drawing on my website, you can use the orbital function to look through the bottom and see the ceiling. Actually, with the orbital function you can turn the drawing around and see any portion and how the whole building is built. This drawing shows construction only, no finish details or adornment. Granite-like stone in the drawing indicates the foundation and the steps. The marble–like stone show the posts of the porch and the house. The gold leaf around the door indicates the wood covered with gold and the color of the pillars indicates the bronze. This view also shows the first foundation of the side chambers on the left. Adam used a cement block masonry face but it actually indicates a work of precisely cut white limestone laid dry. Solomon’s temple was known to be of white limestone.

And he [Hiram] cast two pillars of bronze, each one eighteen cubits high, and a line of twelve cubits measured the circumference of each. Then he made two capitals of cast bronze, to set on the tops of the pillars. The height of one capital was five cubits, and the height of the other capital was five cubits. He made a lattice network, with wreaths of chainwork, for the capitals which were on top of the pillars: seven chains for one capital and seven for the other capital.  So he made the pillars, and two rows of pomegranates above the network all around to cover the capitals that were on top; and thus he did for the other capital.

The capitals which were on top of the pillars in the hall[3] [porch] were in the shape of lilies, four cubits high.  The capitals on the two pillars also had pomegranates above, by the convex surface which was next to the network; and there were two hundred such pomegranates in rows on each of the capitals all around.            

1Kings 7:15-20 NKJV


I would only add a base to the bottom (all such columns had tops and bottoms), probably equal to the width at the top of the pillar holding up the chapiter. The decorated lily here is most likely to be the red anemone, “the lily of the valley" mentioned in Song of Solomon, which bloom all over Israel in the spring. My son drew a round foundation for the base of the chapiter, but the size is probably not accurate, because the lily section is said to be four cubits high while the entire chapiter is five. That leaves one cubit for the base of the chapiter. (Making the drawing for the lily was very difficult, so it will remain wrong on the drawing with this notation of correction.) From the bottom of the chapiter hangs seven loops of chains and above that several networks of netting and two rows of two hundred pomegranates apiece around the widest part (the belly) of the lily shape.

Leaving the description of the porch, we enter into the Holy Place. We have already been told the measurement of the doorway to the temple in the description of the porch—ten cubits.  Next the writer adds an “elevation”[4] detail to the drawing.

           Original Profile Modified to export.jpg

Solomon’s temple:

“And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about: The nethermost chamber was five cubits broad, and the middle was six cubits broad, and the third was seven cubits broad: for without in the wall of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house”

 1 Kings 6:5 6. AV (Emphasis Added)


Having given the length and the width of the Holy Place, the writer of Kings only mentions the three chambers against the wall, but pointedly limits the chambers as being built upon separate foundations rather than the wall of the house. Instead they pass through the wall but over the full height of the lower house. Indeed, the beams to support the upper chambers are said to rest upon “narrow rests” that are without the wall entirely, yet connected in some way. Again the exact measurements and design of these chambers is not given here, just their depth measured from the wall. The only way this can be clearly understood is to look at these same three chambers in Ezekiel’s account.

Ezekiel’s temple:

“and the breadth of every side chamber, four cubits, round about the house on every side.  And the side chambers were three, one over another, and thirty in order; and they entered into the wall which was of the house for the side chambers round about, that they might have hold, but they had not hold in the wall of the [lower] house.

 Ezekiel 41:5, 6AV


I interrupt this passage to point out that the interior measurements of the Holy Place are forty cubits per side and twenty cubits per end walls. This measures out to be one hundred and twenty cubits (the inside perimeter) round about the whole house. Dividing four cubits, the width of each chamber, into one hundred twenty cubits equals thirty chambers. However, when you apply the measurements to the space allotted for the chambers on an actual floor plan for each level it is surprisingly different. First, you have to understand that these chambers, more like cubicles, have to be accessed. That means the priests in charge of the treasures of the “house above] had to be able to walk into every cubicle to place or retrieve precious items dedicated to the LORD and placed in His treasury. To meet the requirements of the space allotted by the Scriptures, it would mean walking through the cubicles from one to another. Since there was limited space to include hallways, we only put them where they were absolutely needed.

Also we found space above each level also included what was built over the huge corner posts. Therefore all of the chambers did not face the space above the Holy Place.

Nevertheless, each level had thirty chambers. The third level actually had extra room.

After we had built the upper chambers I decided we needed to check Josephus to see if he had mentioned Solomon’s temple structure. Here is what he said:

They erected its entire body, quite up to the roof, of white stone; its height was sixty cubits [the Bible says thirty], and its length was the same, and its breadth twenty. There was another building erected over it, equal to it in its measures; so that the entire altitude of the temple was a hundred and twenty cubits. [this seems a great exaggeration] Its front was to the east. As to the porch, they built it before the temple; its length was twenty cubits, and it was so ordered that it might agree with the breadth of the house; and it had twelve cubits in latitude, [?] and its height was raised as high as a hundred and twenty cubits. He also built round about the temple thirty small rooms, which might include the whole temple, by their closeness one to another, and by their number and outward position round it. He also made passages through them, that they might come into one through another. Every one of these rooms had five cubits [the Bible says four cubits] in breadth, and the same in length, but in height twenty [Bible says 5 cubits (1 Kings 6:10)]. Above these there were other rooms, and others above them, equal, both in their measures and number; so that these reached to a height equal to the lower part of the house;[5] (My emphasis added)


I emphasized the passages that said what we had built. However, Josephus seems to have obtained faulty measurements.

The floor plan below shows the first level still attached to the lower house.

2nd_floor_3d snapshot.jpg

                                           The first Level Floor Plan of the Upper House shown in 3-d.


Count the chambers, leaving out the stairs, landings top and bottom and the corridor at the bottom and at the east end of the building, there are thirty plus a small 2c x 5c space next to the right hand foundation stone. (For record storage?)

Light spreads through the cells along the walls, but the other cells at the ends would have to be lighted by lamps in the hands of the priests, since the light shining in from the open hallways would be dim.

And there was an enlarging, and a winding about still upward to the side chambers: for the winding about of the house went still upward round about the house: therefore the breadth of the house was still upward, and so increased from the lowest chamber to the highest by the midst. [Next he switches to the view of the house from outside the walls.] I saw also the height of the house round about: the foundations of the side chambers were a full reed of six great cubits [i.e., a regular cubit of 18 inches plus 3 inches—a hand span, the measure used for Ezekiel’s temple Ezekiel 40:5.] The thickness ["breadth" is an alternate meaning for this word, and I believe a better translation for this passage] of the wall [Remember, 1 Kings called these narrow rests], which was for the side chamber without, was five cubits: and that which was left was the place of the side chambers that were within

 1Kings 6:5-9 Emphasis added.

         Side view of the temple.jpg                              

Detail of posts and foundation.jpg

First, I want to point out that the view from the outside features the view of the foundations of the side chambers and apparently they reached to the height of the house itself. These could not be viewed from inside. The same height is necessary because the upper house is a separate house. It is a house above another house. Since the upper chambers are cantilevered, each chamber extending farther into the space of the top fifteen cubits of the temple (See 1 Kings 6:10.), the foundations have to be outside to balance the weight of the upper chambers inside and to stabilize the very tall thin wall of both  houses. Not mentioned at this point, but surely understood by any builder, the posts of the temple must be under the beams. The beams extend above the lower house resting on the posts and the foundations that separate the walls of the lower house by extending through them until they are flush with its inside wall. (The part of the foundation for the chambers which is within.) The beams extend under the edge of the bottom chamber. The beam holds up the post that supports the next beam above and so on. Thus the beam extends into the room to distribute the weight being held up by the foundations that extend through to outside of the house wall another five cubits (Ezekiel42:9) to stabilize the thin wall. These foundations answer to the “narrow rests” spoken of in Kings. They are not walls five cubits thick as imagined by most expositors, but rather like the buttresses of medieval cathedrals made to support the height of the rather thin wall keep the weight of the roof from caving the wall inward in such a tall structure (52 feet inside measurement).

Buttresses supporting an ancient building. Since the temple walls are only 21 inches thick and stand 52 feet high they need outside support.

need outside support.

According to Encyclopedia Britannica a buttress is:

“In architecture, exterior support, usually of masonry, projecting from the face of a wall and serving either to strengthen it or to resist the side thrust created by the load on an arch or a roof. In addition to their practical functions, buttresses can be decorative, both in their own right and from the designs carved or constructed into them.”



http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-LZBzWSBBkVw/Tyg0H2i79zI/AAAAAAAAGmg/MKxXu3_3U0k/s1600/fb2.jpg            http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-yE86TQHnVZw/Tyg0JVyES7I/AAAAAAAAGmo/o2Cy2sn-RGo/s1600/Flying_Buttresses1.gif                    http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/arch/gothic/chartres/chartres023.jpg

Examples of flying buttresses


This is especially needed here because the wall of the temple measures out to be only one cubit thick. Profile final.jpgThe walls of the house fills the space between the foundations, but you could not see this looking at the wall from the inside, since it appears as one continuous wall when covered with gold.

The post stands under the lowest chamber holding up its floor, which in turn stands over the foundations of the lower house under the floor.

separate houses.jpgThis is the only point the upper house has in common with the lower house in the construction, except for the roof. It clearly illustrates the fact that the Church, God’s heavenly people, which I believe signifies the upper house,is built upon a common foundation as are his earthly people, but completely separate from them. However, with the foundations penetrating through walls of the lower house, the upper house could still be considered as “grafted in,” but not built upon. The Church has one foundation as goes the ancient hymn, which according to Paul is Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 3:10, 11). Israel’s promises are all tied to the land and the laws governing the lower temple. The Church, on the other hand has future promises tied to the heavenly realm of reigning from above with Christ in the kingdom.[6]

Having described what I believe the scripture shows, let’s look at why I don’t think most expositors’ architecture can work. First, they show the walls of the house as five cubits thick, and then they place the three chambers in a building outside the house instead of on top, paying no attention to its construction. This won’t fit what is said in the two books that describe the temples. Especially since 2 Chronicles 3:9 places the gold of the Holy of Holies reaching to the upper chambers. 1 Chronicles also favors the upper chambers, here they connect to the treasuries:

Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat,

And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the LORD, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated things:                       

  1 Chronicles 28:11, 12 Emphasis Added)


The writer also mentions “houses” plural, then links treasuries and upper rooms (upstairs?) and inner parlors and mercy seat (downstairs)? Treasuries and chambers round about are linked again in verse 12.

The breadth of the house is mentioned several times: “therefore the breadth of the house was still upward” even though the space between the walls is shrinking. That the place of the chambers is called a house is stated again here: “and they entered into the wall which was “of the house for the side chambers round about.” These side chambers are also said to be “round about the house on every side.”(The English way of expressing it). This could not be true if the chambers are outside the walls of the house, because they don’t surround the house in the “breadth” of the front of the temple. The porch prevents that. Now look particularly at the foundations in this verse again:

“I saw also the height of the house round about: the foundations of the side chambers were a full reed of six great cubits. The thickness of the wall, which was for the side chamber without, was five cubits: and that which was left was the place of the side chambers that were within

 Ezekiel 41:5-9

Ezekiel is looking at the height of the house outside. How could he see the foundations if they were inside another house as a wall? What does it mean that the one remaining cubit is designated for the side chambers within? Is this not where the beam rests? If the side chambers are outside, it doesn’t fit. And besides that, being designated as storage rooms, outside they serve no spiritual purpose. Whereas the architecture I present, pictures a beautiful type—God dwelling in the midst of his earthly people, Israel, and his heavenly people, the Church, forever: his heavenly people being his inheritance in the saints. The Church is pictured as a peculiar treasure in the upper storage rooms, which literally contained the treasury of devoted things with each ascending chamber toward the top holding more treasure.  Special Levitical priests were assigned to manage and dispense these treasures. See 1 Chronicles 26:20-26.

Before we go on let’s look at the floor plans of the two upper levels of chambers:



3rd_floor_3d with text.jpg

The Middle Chamber +UpperLevel Floor Plans


As Adam learned more about the drawing program, he saw how he could hide the lower part of the drawing and show only one floor at a time. This was not possible when he drew the first floor plan. He also made mere indications of the walls of the partitions, probably only inches thick. How this affects the overall dimensions we do not know.

Now let look at the third level of chambers.





Notice we have used every available space for the chambers, limiting the access by passage through one chamber to another. This would limit the type of treasure stored in each cell. Deeper cells, such as those where the walkway passes along each side wall are necessary in order to have light from the windows. These walls could store larger items whereas some cells with more than one opening would be limited to shelves or hanging items on nails on the posts when the structural posts intrude into their space. These posts are necessary to hold up the ceiling.

Adam concentrated the extra space beyond what was available to form room dimensions, as much as possible. In this third floor level he put a vestibule at the top of the stairs as a passageway to the other cells.

In the top level we used the extra room to form a 4 X 7 cubit vestibule chamber that connects all sections of the chambers plus both stairways. One from the middle chamber to the third level and one to the roof. The latter staircase was used in Solomon’s day to access the roof to watch for the appearance of the new moon. I speculated that this vestibule was also an administrative chamber. Especially since only thirty chambers were possible on the other two levels. The treasury Levites would have to have scribes among them for record keeping.

The scripture mentions that Shebna was a scribe,[7] (but this was after he lost his position as holder of the key, Isaiah 22). That indicates that scribes were necessary to keep the inventory up to date.

The extra spaces that were two cubits I used for walkways as I allowed also two cubits through the chambers for access. I drew all the space possible on the first level (4 cubits by 5 cubits) before I counted them and they came out to be thirty. (In the beginning I figured out the floor plans, Adam improved upon them when he entered them into the drawing program.

Now let’s look at the type of the Church seen in these chambers. The New Testament teaches three levels of growth of the individual believers to reach the  “perfection,” Scripture’s word for “maturity.” Believers who overcome to the higher levels receive positions in the coming kingdom commensurate with their achievement. Peter, Paul, John and even Jesus refer to these three levels of growth.

They always occur in threes and almost always in ascending order. One of the exceptions being Paul’s depiction of those building up God’s spiritual house—the Church, by their teaching and exhortation. Here he starts at the top and descends to the worthless works of wood, hay and stubble, which will burn at the judgment seat of Christ. Works of wood, hay and stubble do not build up believers.

The wood may refer the branch in Jesus’ parable that was cut off for not producing any fruit. Instructions on growing grapes warn of bull canes that grow to extensive lengths and produce nothing but leaves that support the branch. This would picture the pride of a teacher exalting his flesh. Wood of a vine is worthless as a building material.

Hay does have some value as forage for animals. Men cut grass and then dry it to make hay. The grass is cut at the peak of its nutritional value when it is in bloom. The Scripture equates the blooming of grass to the glory of man. I see this as great works of philanthropy, men and churches ministering to the temporal needs of men without giving them the gospel. While this work my benefit them temporarily, it does not benefit them for eternity.

Stubble is good for nothing it just blows about in the wind. Stubble I equate to teaching from men’s intellect especially those in seminaries that have been corrupted by higher criticism and consequently rob men who would be pastors of their faith by substituting intellectualism for God’s truth. This latter group will pay dearly for their work at the judgment seat of Christ because they damage the Church’s growth and God is no respecter of persons. James warned: “My brethren, be not many masters, knowing we shall receive the greater condemnation” (James 3:1). Remember how upset Paul was with the Judahizers who were trying to impose the Jewish law on the Gentile believers, adding works to Jesus’ perfect salvation. On the other hand works with eternal value equate to gold, silver and precious stones—treasure! Gold in Scripture always refers to the purity and value of God. Such teaching develops saints to maturity, saints that are already ready to reign in the future kingdom, saints that really know their Father.

Pure silver purifies. It can destroy germs, fungi, and viruses medically speaking. I would equate this to teaching and administering the gifts of the Holy Spirit healing, deliverance from demons and spiritual warfare against the enemy needed for life on earth. Thus, building up the Church to stand against the wiles of the Devil with strength

Precious stones are treasures of gemstones made from very hard clear stones that when cut into many facets sparkle with reflected light. In this picture I see all kinds of teaching works performed administering the milk of the word to new believers. Who can outshine a fresh convert who is filled with the joy of his new found faith? How infectious they are. Even a newborn believer can give a cup of cold water in the name of Jesus! Though immature they can reflect the light of testimony in all directions. Evangelists, along with basic teachers produce this type of treasure for the Lord.

All through Scripture we are admonished grow to maturity. But without understanding of the Word we cannot grow. Teachers bring understanding. The following charts show this.

Do you see Christ’s inheritance in his saints: those who really know him as being the greatest treasure to him?

The Church as those who first believed became added glory to his praise because it was through his power they attained their glory.

In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:

That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ.

In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,

Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory                                               

  Ephesians 1:11-14 AV


Continuing our description of the temple, Ezekiel adds to this idea by separating the upper house:

“And the doors of the side chambers were toward the place that was left, one door toward the north, and another door toward the south: and the breadth of the place that was left was five cubits round about.                                               

Ezekiel 41:11


The place that was left is the space between the foundations outside. Its measurements are five cubits by five cubits, which is the measurement of every space. This adds to our description of the foundations being tall buttresses whose walls were narrow rests extending from the outside wall, five cubits, but penetrating the walls of the lower house by one cubit making the wall itself only one cubit thick, not five. This is also where the spiraling stairs were. .

To see this we have to refer back to 1 Kings 6.

“The door for the middle chamber was in the right side of the house [the south side]: and they went up with winding stairs into the middle chamber, and out of the middle into the third”                                                                1 Kings 6:8. AV

At first glance you would think these stairs are inside the lower house. However, remember the height of the Holy of Holies was given in Solomon’s temple as twenty cubits. Therefore the remaining space above this is ten cubits, leaving room for only two levels of chambers above. That means the only place you can enter directly into the middle chamber, as a lower chamber, is above the Holy of Holies and since the interior of the Holy of Holies is specifically defined in Solomon’s temple, the stairs have to be outside.

This is further confirmed in Ezekiel’s description as he defines it as “the place that is left” (Ezekiel 41:11). So the staircase winds upward in the five cubits by five cubits space on either side of the Holy of Holies outside between the foundations.

It appears to have only one door that enters the upper chambers in Solomon's temple on the south side. However, Josephus speaks of doors, plural, of the entrance to the upper house. In fact he says they are very small doors compared to the entrance to the lower house. [8]

Verse 5 of 1 Kings 6 mentions that the upper chambers surround both houses.) “And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about [every side of the house], against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about:”

Another point to be made is that if the entering of the middle chamber could be anywhere on the south side, it should have been mentioned that the stairway inside the middle chamber also went down to the lowest level of chambers. It wasn't mentioned. Therefore I am assuming that the only way to go is up.

                finished_3d_with_stairs.jpg stairs2.jpg

      It also means that the upper chambers can only be accessed from completely outside of the house below. This says a lot about the separation of God’s two peoples. It also shows God dwelling forever in the midst of both peoplesJosephus mentions the separate entrances of the houses:

The king also had a fine contrivance for an ascent to the upper room over the temple, and that was by steps in the thickness of its wall; for it had no large door on the east end, as the lower house had, but the entrances were by the sides, through very small doors.[9]


I could not understand this following verse for a long time.

“And between the chambers was the wideness of twenty cubits round about the house on every side”                         

 Ezekiel 41:10AV

It didn’t seem to fit any situation. Where was there a wideness between the chambers? Finally, I saw that the translator, who apparently didn’t understand the upper chambers, was trying to make sense of it by translating “e – lshkuth,” the Hebrew word for “rooms” as “chambers,” which according to the Hebrew Interlinear Analyzer is  translated as “rooms” into the English. Since the word for the three levels of chambers in the Authorized Version comes from the Hebrew word “litzlo,” which literally means “the angle cell,” it confuses the English reader by referring to both as “chambers.” The subject of the verses on either side of this verse refers the space between the foundations outside the temple walls. To say that the width between these rooms equals twenty cubits makes perfect sense, because the width of the interior of the temple is twenty cubits and the foremost edge of the foundation is even with the walls inside. The wall itself is also the wall of these rooms on the outside of the building. Ezekiel apparently used “rooms” to describe the spaces between the foundations outside to distinguish them from the “angle cells” used of the chambers above and within. The following verse even gives the measurement of these rooms as five cubits all around. (To understand this fully, see the floor plan.) Now let’s look at the walls of the houses.

Walls of Solomon’s temple:

And he built the walls of the house within with boards of cedar, both the floor of the house, and the walls of the ceiling: and he covered them on the inside with wood, and covered the floor of the house with planks of fir.

 And he built twenty cubits on the sides of the house, both the floor and the walls with boards of cedar: he even built them for it within, even for the oracle, even for the most holy place.   And the house, that is, the temple before it, was forty cubits long.  And the cedar of the house within was carved with knops and open flowers: all was cedar; there was no stone seen”

 1 Kings 6:15-18.

“And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, within and without.   And the floor of the house he overlaid with gold, within and without”

1 Kings 6:29, 30.

In the beginning of this passage of scripture, the writer of Kings begins with the holy place then moves to the oracle, then back again to the to the temple before it, the forty cubit house. However, he does make reference to three divisions of area covered with cedar—the sides of the house, the floor and the walls of the ceiling. The latter would be a reference to the chamber walls above whose inward projection would continually narrow the space, and would essentially be part of the ceiling. The double reference to the covering of the floor evidently indicates the fir being under the cedar as a sub-floor over the beams resting directly on the foundations of stone. Interior pillars of foundation would not be necessary if great stones underlay the entire floor as was suggested for Solomon’s temple.

Yet another difference between the two houses is mentioned in 2 Chronicles  3:5, 7. The upper chambers of Solomon's temple according to Chronicles, were built with fir instead of cedar then over laid with gold and adorned with palm trees and chains.

And the greater house he ceiled with fir tree, which he overlaid with fine gold, and set thereon palm trees and chains.

He overlaid also the house, the beams, the posts, and the walls thereof, and the doors thereof, with gold; and graved cherubims on the walls.

2 Chronicles 3:5, 7


In this description, the greater house, could be translated the higher house, which would make better sense because of the decorations on it seeming to be different from the walls described in verse seven. On the other hand, the passage in 1 Kings tells us that “the walls of the holy place being carved with cherubim and palm trees,” the same as Ezekiel’s temple, but not defined, unless Chronicles was meant to distinguish them. It’s a puzzle, or perhaps it represents a type.[10] The difference in the woods is mainly aromatic. Cedar is fragrant because of odorous oils. Palm trees and chains seem rather empty when compare to the multitude of two faced cherubim on Ezekiel’s temple walls. Maybe that is the type. The Church did not exist in Solomon’s day, so there was no fragrance.

Next he mentions the carvings on the wall of the oracle as being flowers and buds. I suppose cherubim are not necessary on the walls here in Solomon’s temple since the figures of the two cherubim are present in statue form.

Walls of Ezekiel’s temple:

And the side chambers were three, one over another, and thirty in order; and they entered into the wall which was of the house for the side chambers round about, that they might have hold, but they had not hold in the wall of the house.
                                                                                       Ezekiel 41:5, 6.

“After he measured the wall of the house, six cubits; and the breadth of every side chamber, four cubits, round about the house on every side.

“Afterward he brought me to the temple, and measured the posts, six cubits broad on the one side, and six cubits broad on the other side, which was the breadth of the tabernacle.  The door posts, and the narrow windows, and the galleries round about on their three stories, over against the door, ceiled with wood round about, and from the ground up to the windows, and the windows were covered; To that above the door, even unto the inner house, and without, and by all the wall round about within and without, by measure.

And it was made with cherubims and palm trees, so that a palm tree was between a cherub and a cherub; and every cherub had two faces;   So that the face of a man was toward the palm tree on the one side, and the face of a young lion toward the palm tree on the other side: it was made through all the house round about.   From the ground unto above the door were cherubims and palm trees made, and on the wall of the temple.   The posts of the temple were squared, and the face of the sanctuary; the appearance of the one as the appearance of the other.”

 Ezekiel 41:15-21


This measurement of six cubits is a puzzle until you realize its connection to the upper chambers. We are told in 1Kings 6:10 that the height of each of the upper chambers is five cubits high. That means that the three occupy one half of the thirty cubits of the height of the interior of the whole structure. That would leave fifteen cubits for the lower house. (See drawing of the profile.) Here Ezekiel begins the description of “an elevation” in architectural terms. The six cubits seem to be the measurement under the chambers where the lower house begins. It also breaks the wall where the windows are located above the carved wainscot that reaches to just above the door in the holy place then goes on around to the bottom of the windows. (Ezekiel 41:16, 17). This makes the measurement perpendicular. By subtraction, the door and the wainscot are the remaining nine cubits to the floor out of the fifteen that are the lower house. This wainscot continues around the whole lower house perhaps even into the vestibule to the oracle.  This may be what is meant by the carvings within and without. It could also refer to the carvings on the porch walls. The same carvings are on both sets of doors of the Holy Place also, both the entrance from the porch and to the vestibule of the oracle, probably on both sides of the door to the oracle.

Let me just add a little side note before we go on with the description of the construction. In Solomon’s day the vestibule between the holy place and the oracle allowed for another priest or priests to open the door for the high priest on the Day of Atonement. He carried the censor filled with coals[11] on his arms and had both hands full of incense so he could not open the door himself. The chains in the vestibule and the veil at the opening to the oracle separated God’s presence from the vestibule and thus protected the other priests admitting the high priest. The high priest himself could push his way through the chains without difficulty, even with his hands full, then push his way at the side of the veil mentioned only in 2 Chronicles 3:14.

Here we need to point out another difference between Solomon’s temple and Ezekiel’s. There is no Ark of the Covenant in Ezekiel’s temple and no veil, consequently no mention of the standing cherubim.  Instead the whole house is indicated as Christ’s throne and the place of his feet. (Ezekiel 43:7)  The earth has been called his footstool in Isaiah and the Psalms.  According to 1 Chronicles 28:2, David’s purpose was to build a footstool for the LORD. (Solomon also had a golden footstool to his throne of ivory covered with gold.) Therefore only one piece of furniture is mentioned in Ezekiel’s oracle—a table—for fellowship?

We assume all the other furniture is in the Holy Place since the priests, who are of the descendents of Zadok (Ezekiel 44:15), still minister before the LORD in the Millenium. But that might not be the case. They may only serve at the altar where they burn the sacrifices.

Add to this the fact that the Prince of Israel will serve as some kind of administrative priest providing all the sacrificial animals for the feasts. The people of the land are taxed animals from their flocks to supply him (Ezekiel 45:15-17), probably raised on his vast land grant until needed on special feast days and the New Moons. However,he doesn’t enter the Holy of Holies, or apparently even the inner court, but ministers from the porch of the eastern gate to the inner court.

God’s heavenly people also minister in a priestly service of some kind. Perhaps they serve inside the temple in the presence of Christ’s glory.

Continuing with the description, next Ezekiel refers to the posts, which are under the beams that hold up the upper chambers. These are foursquare and carved with the same figures as the walls.

Concerning the carvings, the two faces of the cherubs in the carving represent the Millennial Kingdom where Christ reigns as a Priest/King. The lion represents him as king, the Lion of Judah, while the man represents him as priest over the earth, like Melkezedek the king of Salam, which means peace. The prince extends the picture as Prince/Priest over Israel. Later Christ will rule over the whole universe in the same capacity, since this temple, which he, himself builds, is eternal, and the earth remains the capital of the Universe. I say this because the LORD told Ezekiel that he would dwell in the midst of Israel forever and his dwelling place is in this temple on earth in the midst of their inheritance. (Ezekiel 43:7-9).

At this point in the description we must stop and consider a conundrum. The writer of 2 Chronicles 3 adds more details to Solomon’s porch that have not been discussed. To me they almost beyond belief.

And the porch that was in the front of the house, the length of it was according to the breadth of the house, twenty cubits, and the height was an hundred and twenty: and he overlaid it within with pure gold. Vs. 4

        *                           *                             *

Also he made before the house two pillars of thirty and five cubits high, and the chapiter that was on the top of each of them was five cubits. Vs. 15

This amounts to a great difference in height between what is said about the sanctuary and the porch in 1 Kings. In the description in 2 Chronicles 3 the pillars are forty cubits, one third the height of the porch. Although the height of Ezekiel’s porch is not given, the height of the pillars in Solomon’s temple measured only eighteen cubits without the base, but adding the chapiters on top in 1 Kings 7:11 only equaled 23 cubits in height. Unless these were meant to be sections cast one at a time and put together later. This could be the case since we know the Word does not contradict itself. In every other similar situation a discrepancy turns out to be a specific detail increasing our understanding. However, pillars only seven to nine feet thick standing eighty-some feet high without any other support really cannot be, unless they are without seams and go deep into the ground underneath and the ground never moves again. Also, the inside of the porch is covered with gold. That’s a lot of gold! But remember, the heavenly city above is made of gold. All kinds of additions to the façade can be added to embellish it, maybe even this size of a porch. Our drawing of the temple structure only includes the basic layout given. When the Lord builds the temple He has a lot of room to adorn the structure to be glorious.

However, to me it seems that to make Ezekiel’s porch or temple that tall would not fit the rest of the measurements given. What can be above the thirty cubit ceiling except the roof?

All the posts to the gates of Ezekiel’s temple courts are sixty cubits high, just half the height of Solomon’ s porch in this description. One cannot imagine the temple to be the same height as the porch, but perhaps only the porch is that height. If so what a glorious entrance to the temple that would be! One hundred and twenty cubits would 3d-finished-with-120c-porch.jpgtranslate into 220 feet in our measurements or about the height of a 22 story building if the stories were ten feet high.


Here is what it would look like drawn in that configuration. See how unlikely this is.





That would make the porch to the temple the most impressive part of the whole mountain complex. In order to contemplate the enormity of this design, look at these pictures of the twenty-two story high buildings. Imagine the scaffolding that would be necessary to lay the stone. Especially when steel girders were unavailable in that day! Imagine the gold needed to line the walls. There is no doubting the words of this measurement in the translation because they are written in words not symbols for numbers.

Will it be? I don’t know. However, remember, it is the Messiah who builds it, who is the creator of the universe. Nevertheless, one cannot help but wonder if this might be a scribal error. A footnote in my Bible suggests that. Also the NIV Bible ignores the hundred and writes the porch as twenty cubits high. (We also opted for the twenty foot height for the porch in our drawing, which was before the notches were cut out for the beams in the corner posts of the house.

Josephus also gave these measurements to Solomon’s porch. But since both Chronicles and Josephus contradict the 1 Kings passage, which would have been recorded close to David’s time, I can’t help but wonder if both these other sources came from Jewish legends that were exaggerated to impress us.

The rest of the architecture will be shown in the drawings, at least as far as I can understand it. My engineer son, having had courses in structure, drew the drawing according to my floor plans, but supplied the structure to the top, (beams, etc.). He says that the design shows an A-frame construction, with the top of the whole structure moving from the outside to a central point in the center along the top. This is the only way the massive beam structure of the upper chambers can be supported. It also shows an extremely advanced plan of architecture for this ancient time, but then it was God himself who gave the plan. (1 Chronicles 28:11, 12 19). What we have supplied in the drawing is merely the structure, not any embellishments (except my son added the gold leaf to his liking), not the roof or even the height of the porch and pillars are final. We merely placed them where they go.

A similar example of this type of construction to the A-frame in respect to gravity would be the “keystone” in the Roman arch, where the top center stone receives the weight of pressure from both side walls of the arch and neutralizes the force of gravity, causing the arch to have tremendous vertical strength.  The center beams of the top of this temple answer to the same.

My husband and I together built a sixteen foot wide gazebo at the back of our house as a kind of porch. It had eight sides with the weight of the roof supported in the center with an octagon shaped lynch pole receiving the pressure from the eight trusses of the roof. That left the space under the roof free of posts except on the perimeter. This is the same type of structure in the temple except that instead of coming to the center of an octagon, the center of this building is a set on dual ridge beams with cross bracing bridging the space between the two top chambers on either side of the ceiling.

Could this typify Christ as the strength of the whole building, the strength of both of his peoples, a sort of lynchpin of the whole house of God? Is this where Isaiah saw the LORD and His presence filling all the space, showing the prophet the fulfillment of His plan, at a time when Israel was failing to perform their heritage as his people?


top_beams new.jpg

View of the Structural Strength of the Temple

Showing the letter Heh in the building.jpg

Another interesting type showed up in the structure when it was drawn. The configuration of the overhead timber beams forming the floors in profile, were shaped in the form of the Paleo Hebrew letter Heh. My son enjoys the study of Paleo Hebrew letters, which were in use until the Babylonian captivity. These letters represent primitive pictures similar to Egyptian Hieroglyphics. Each letter has a meaning in itself and the Hebrew language sometimes combines these meanings to form words. For instance this letter appears twice in the name of God— YHVH. In paleo Hebrew His name means http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7c/Early_Aramaic_character_-_yud.png (hand)http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/03/Early_Aramaic_character_-_heh.png(behold) File:Early Aramaic character - vav.png(nail) File:Early Aramaic character - heh.png(behold).

File:Early Aramaic character - heh.pngcan be seen (see beams marked in red) from the front as ribs of the upper chambers on the left side of the house all the way back to the Holy of Holies. The right side of the house is a mirror image. But looking from the rear, the beams form the same letter at the left side as well. Since the meaning given to this ancient letter is “behold,” it declares up one side and down the other, “Behold, behold, ,” eight times on both sides of the house. Look back to the drawing of the top with the super structure, where the cross bracing that connect these ribs will be. The space in between these beams from the ceiling to the floor is the dwelling place of the presence of Yahweh (YHVH), Jesus Christ between His peoples forever.

eze_temple_cut_away Profile showing hey.jpg 

Two months after Adam discovered the “hey,” I read this in my morning reading of the Word:

I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me, unto a nation that was not called by my name                        Isaiah 65; 1


My fellow believers He is unequivically referring to the Church here! The drawing above illustrates that Scripture. Later when Adam looked up my reference. He saw the the other letter that represened the “me.”

The interior space of the top of the temple resembles the pyramidal shape of the heavenly city minus its cap-stone— Christ and His throne. The space in between indicating the dwelling places he went to prepare for the Church shown  in three levels according to their attainment in glory. Those with the highest earned glory will dwell nearest to the throne. Salvation is free; rewards and positions in the kingdom are earned. Those represented by the top two chambers will rule as shown by only two levels of chambers above the oracle, the place of his throne on earth. Curiously enough, the chambers above the Oracle number twenty four, the same as the elders around the throne.

The lowest level will probably house those who never got to know Christ in their lifetime such as resurrected Old Testament saints (not counting the patriarchs), tribulation martyrs of the last half of the tribulation week, children who died young or were aborted and under achieving Christians. The resurrected 144,000 virgins will probably dwell with the saints in the higher levels since they are companions of the Bride (Ps. 45: 14,15).  

Rebels in the family of God who sinned deliberately in the sins of the flesh will dwell outside the city, probably as prisoners kept in the wall around the city because they do not inherit the kingdom blessings of the city. See (Romans 8:7; Galatians 5:18-21; 1 Corinthians 6; 9,10; 2 Corinthians 5:10, 12:21; Matt. 22:11-13; Rev. 21:14,15)



. Paul said, “Therefore I endure all things for the elect’s sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory 2Ti 2:10.

Eternal glory is earned by obedience to his commandments. Isaiah mentions the nail that represents Christ as that which holds up the glory of the throne (His Father’s house).

And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

  And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father’s house.       

  And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father’s house, the offspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons.    

 Isaiah 22:22, 23 AV


In the passage before this one, Isaiah contrasts the service of the unfaithful Shebna, who evidently held the position of head of the household in charge of the temple treasures; to Eliakim, who was appointed by the word of God spoken by Isaiah, to take his place and have the responsibility of the “key.”[12]

Sheba had been concentrating on building himself a sepulcher, instead of tending the LORD’s business. Isaiah told him he would not even need his sepulcher since he would be carried off captive and die in another land.

Eliakim becomes a type of Christ whose Father’s glorious house (and kingdom rule) hangs upon Christ (as the nail) in the treasure house, behind securely locked doors of which only He has the key. Notice the vessels of glory hanging on this nail graduate in size, each size containing more precious metal (gold or silver), therefore of more value, just like the “cells” in the temples.

As we produce fruit that translates into glory in the kingdom of God, it all hangs upon Christ in the treasure chambers adding “praise to His glory” because it is through Him with the power of the Holy Spirit that we are enabled to do these works!

Revelation 3:7 spotlights Jesus as admonishing the Philadelphian Church to come into the treasure house of God, (which held all the resources for building and maintaining God's house),  and get what they needed which was power, because they were weak. He had the key and He had opened the door. [May we all heed the further exhortation to the Laodicean Church,which is to “buy of Him gold that we might be “rich in our ability to serve Him, having the one resource that enables our work—more and more of the Holy Spirit. Let us all add “praise to His glory!]

The north door to the North middle chamber shows another precious type seen in this temple because it opens to the entrance of the upper house. Since there is no mention of the door to the South entering any but the uppermost chambers, in our drawing we determined that the northern door must have access to the lower chambers.

My son had already noticed that one of the stone posts on either side of the Holy of Holies was different if we put in stairs next to it for the lower chambers.

Ps. 118:19-24 reveals another beautiful type seen in the temple structure. The door to the North upper chambers crosses over the corner stone of salvation to reach the upper house and the stairs to the lower chambers.

 Open to me the gates of righteousness: I will go into them, and I will praise the LORD:

  This gate of the LORD, into which the righteous shall enter. I will praise thee: for thou hast heard me, and art become my salvation

The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner.   This is the LORD’S doing; it is marvellous in our eyes.


While working on the drawing, Adam told me, “I believe I have found the stone that the builders rejected. Jesus reminded the Pharisees of the Scripture above and applied the stone to Himself (Luke 20:17, 18).  We further determined that their must have been a difference between the stones that made them reject it. So Adam stripped the drawing down to just the corner stones and this is what we saw.


Cornerstones Smaller.jpg

The Corner Stones

Notice the two front posts of the house are identical and they continued up to the roof. (Davis’ Dictionary of the Bible says this:  “Any stone in this position [at the corner] from the foundation to the roof is a corner stone.) The two posts between the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies are the two back corner stones to the house’ and they are definitely different. First, they are bigger being  7c x 7c, while the front two are a mere 6c x 6c. What’s more, they don’t reach to the outside flush with the wall but stand next to it. These corner stones support the upper chambers of both the Holy Place and the Oracle with major beams passing over them. Maybe that is why the builders rejected one of the stones. Remember these stone were cut at the quarry and then moved to the site. (How I’ll never know, since they are so enormous.)  We reasoned that the left hand stone was probably sent to the site first. The builders having already set up the front stones may have expected the back two to match as well, but when the second stone arrived it didn’t have the large notch cut out. So they may have assumed the stone was not finished.  It could have been like the other if they had gone ahead and cut out the big notch.

The reason they had to be different is that the right hand stone is the top of the stairs going down and the left hand stone is the bottom landing in our drawing. We had no thoughts concerning this stone when we drew it this way. It just happened. Knowing we needed some way to enter the lowest level of cells, we put the stairs right next to the dividng wall between the two lower house spaces (the Oracle and Holy Place).

We separated off this north entrance from the rest of the Middle chambers over the Holy of Holies by making it a small entrance-way leading though a doorway to the right hand foundation stone. To enter the chamber levels over the Holy Place one must cross over this stone in our drawing (walking straight through the door to the rest of the north cell cubicles, walking around the stairs to the south cells on that level or down the stairs to all the lower storage cells. This fulfills what the Psalmist says about the stone being a gate the righteous enter,”

2nd_floor_3dCornerstone sectiion.jpg

There may be a door leading to the rest of middle chambers from this entrance but that doesn’t make sense. If there was a door, those entering the south entrance could simply turn left and enter the second level or walk to the other side and enter those over the holy place from there. Thus they wouldn’t need two sets of stairs. That is unless there is some unique purpose for the chambers over the Holy of Holies, a reason to keep them separate. It could be that the third level could not be reached any other way. The only reason I can see for this is to preserve the type that the rulers of the kingdom of God in the millennium come from the mature Christians that these chambers represent. Remember the combined chambers above the Holy of Holies numbers twenty-four, the same number as those sitting in his throne in Revelation 4:4, and the chambers have only two levels. Is this the reason?  I don’t know.  It’s something to think about.

Or it could be the by making separate doors it limits the rights of entrance, forcing all with treasure to put into the chambers over the Holy Place to pass over the rejected cornerstone until they are eligible to graduate to the top level. All this is highly speculative, again, something to think about.

 However, by drawing the upper floors as we did we came out with thirty chambers on each level except the top and there is only one extra according the limitations of the dimensions. We may not be right in all our suppositions, but I think we are very close. However let me repeat again, we have only produced the architecture, the finished details of the roof and the interior glory we leave to others more skilled in design and design programs. Feel free to use our structure. Go back to our finished temple on the first page so you can see it in a large picture. Adam finished it with a pretty plain roof. Notice it has a door, so that the priests can watch for the New moon on top of the temple. Feel free to use the Google SketchUp program to look over any part we have drawn.

[1] Whiston, William, Josephus, Complete Works, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI;1960, p.174  (Book VIII, Chapter III, 2.)

[2] See Josephus Antiquities XI, section 2.


[3] This is a bad translation, this Hebrew word is always translated porch in the King James Version.

[4] An architect’s drawing of a profile, showing a detail of height at a particular location in the building. This profile would show a cross section of the building after you passed through the door into the midst of the Holy Place.

[5] Josephus, Book 8, chapter III,p174

[6] See Psalm 149 where it separates God’s people in their functions and their locations: the children of Zion rejoicing in their king on earth, while the saints in glory wield a two edged sword in vengeance executing the judgment written.

[7] Isaiah 36:22

[8]“. . . for it [the upper house] had no large door on the east end, as the lower house had, but the entrances were by the sides, through very small doors.” Whiston, William, Josephus, Complete Works, Kregel Publications,Grand Rapids,1960, Antiquities of the Jews, Book VIII, Chapter III, Section 2, p174

[9] Antiquities of the Jews, Book 8, chapter 3,

[10] A word picture of a spiritual truth.

[11] The coals probably rested on top of a layer of ash that insulated the heat from the high priest’s arms. Besides that not many coals would be necessary for just putting on incense.

[12] Isaiah 22:15-22